Interests: Late medieval and early modern Europe; History of emotions; History of the senses; Urban history; Interfaith relations; Popular culture
In a broad sense, I’m interested in how ideas—ideas about religion identity, how one should behave, how society should be organized—played out in the real world. This has led me to explore a range of specific topics, including community, interfaith relations, public spectacles, popular religious practice, masculinities, and concepts of nobility. The geographic and temporal focus of much of my recent work has been late medieval and early modern Spain, but I have also addressed similar themes across the Mediterranean world, with articles on Venice, Cyprus, and Constantinople.
My first book, Enemies in the Plaza: Urban Spectacle and the End of Spanish Frontier Culture, 1460-1492, explores how cities were often conglomerations of smaller communities, creating composite societies that required various efforts to mitigate tensions and avoid internal conflict. In it, I examine how the conditions that prevailed in cities close to Castile’s border with Granada fostered a dissonant outlook toward religious minorities which I describe as an ‘amiable enmity.’ The resulting social anxieties left the populace vulnerable to attempts by elites to either deflect or exacerbate existing confessional tensions through public spectacle.
My current research examines the relationship between emotional experience and community solidarity in early modern Spain. I combine traditional understandings of community (as defined by a sense of belonging created by labelling others as “outsiders”) with new approaches developed by the history of emotions. Through an examination of early modern understandings of the cognitive and emotional experience of romerías (pilgrimages to local shrines) in early modern Iberia, I argue that the shared experience of such events helped to establish local communal identities and could include not only “Old Christians,” but also conversos and moriscos (Jews and Muslims who had converted to Christianity, as well as their descendants). My work particularly emphasizes the ways in which early modern people learned to define, shape, and interpret their emotional responses to events and how conceptions of the physical senses underpinned contemporary theories of emotion. This project contributes to the historical study of the emotions by proposing new methodologies for gauging the emotional experiences and understandings of ordinary people while clarifying the evolution of local religious practices during a period of major transitions in the everyday experience of Christianity, thus addressing key questions within Spanish historiography.
I have also begun a study of the career of Miguel Lucas de Iranzo, Constable of Castile in the mid-fifteenth century. By considering his life within the context of the political, cultural, social, economic, and religious developments of the period, I aim to highlight the importance of individual motivation and of subtle, slow-moving transformations in ways of thinking during the decades that set the stage for the momentous developments of 1492 and beyond.
Finally, I am at work on several other projects, including a study of emasculating discourse in poetry written by fifteenth-century Castilian conversos, an article that considers the ways in which both religious authorities and ordinary people reconceptualized miraculous images in the period after the Council of Trent, and a student-oriented guide to the sources of medieval history.
Graduate Research Fields
I offer the following fields for the PhD qualifying examination. For more information on our MA and PhD programs, see our graduate program page.
Qualifying Exam Fields:
- Western Civilization I
- Late-Medieval European History
- Early Modern European History
- Renaissance and Reformation
- Early Modern Mediterranean History
- Urban History
- Early Modern History of Science
I am accepting new graduate student advisees for our MA and PhD programs.
Courses Offered (subject to change)
- HIST 100: The Frontier in World History, Syllabus
- HIST 102: The West and the World to 1500, Syllabus
- HIST 105: Justice and Equality, Syllabus
- HIST 106: Witchcraft and Witch Hunts 1400-1800, Syllabus
- HIST 123: A World Reborn and Reformed: Early Modern Europe, 1450 - 1700, Syllabus
- HIST 200: The Frontier in World History, Syllabus
- HIST 309W/409: The Mediterranean World, 1400-1800, Syllabus
- HIST 321W/421: Topics in Early Modern History: Cities and Urban Life, Syllabus
- HIST 325: Microhistory, Syllabus
Selected Publication Covers
- Enemies in the Plaza: Urban Spectacle and the End of Spanish Frontier Culture, 1460-1492 (June 2015)
- “Sporting Time and Sporting Space,” in A Cultural History of Sport in the Medieval Age (600-1450), ed. Noel Fallows. Vol. 2 of A Cultural History of Sport, 6 vols. (London: Bloomsbury, 2021), 61-84.
- “Countering the ‘Heretics’: Miracle Books and Marian Devotion in Early Modern Spain,” in Golden Leaves and Burned Books. Religious Reform and Conflict in the Long European Reformation, ed. Gabriele Müller-Oberhäuser, Marjo Kaartinen, and Teemu Immonen (Turku, Finland: k&h, 2020), 187-218
- “ ‘A Country Where Reason Does Not Rule the Heart’: Spanish Exuberance and the Traveller’s Gaze,” in Matters of Engagement: Emotions, Identity, and Cultural Contact in the Premodern World, ed. Daniela Hacke, Claudia Jarzebowski, and Hannes Ziegler (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2020), 197-215.
- “Everyday Miracles in Seventeenth-Century Spain,” in Lived Religion and Everyday Life through Early Modern Hagiographic Material, ed. Jenni Kuuliala, Päivi Räisänen-Schröder, and Rose-Marie Peake (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), 189-213.
- “Virtue, Virility and History in Fifteenth-Century Castile,” Speculum 88.3 (July, 2013).
- “Spectacle, Community, and Holy War in Fourteenth-Century Cyprus,” Medieval Encounters 19.3 (2013): 300-41.
- “Representing the Medieval Festivals of Jaén through Text, Enactment and Image,” in Re-Presenting the Past: Archaeology through Image and Text, ed. Sheila Bonde and Stephen Houston (Oakville, CT: Oxbow, 2013)
- “Competing Spectacles in the Venetian Festa delle Marie,” Viator 39.1 (Spring, 2008): 107-25.